Tagging with Latex (Adam Hollett, TWR Class of 2014)

LATEX is a typesetting language that is similar to HTML. LaTeX was created by Leslie Lamport in the 1980s  and is based on the TEX system of formatting documents. LATEX is widely used in academia, especially mathematics, due to its very extensive syntaxes for formatting mathematical formulas. Markup in LATEX consists of regular text that is `marked up’ by applying tags to it. A tag is begun by a single backslash, followed by the name of the tag, followed by the text to be marked up, which is contained within curly braces.

With LATEX, you get the same document with the same code every time. Writing documents in code is incredibly precise. Rather than simply typing a quotation mark, you must specify whether is is a `left-curving’ or a `right-curving’ quote. When you want to print a dash, you must specify in the code whether it is a hyphen (-), an en dash ({), or an em dash (|).  LATEX also adds pretty text formatting, including things like ligatures.  LATEX has a default document format, but any aspect of the format can be altered by including `packages’ at the beginning of your document. These can have unlimited effects including changing the size of captions, altering margins, increasing line spacing, or changing the typeface. The
default typeface of LATEX is called Computer Modern and it is generally only available within the LATEX environment.

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